|Unit 1: Where Did All The Water Come From?|
- 1. How The Earth Got Its Ocean
- Students model the early earth, measuring rising temperatures and observing the layering of "crust, mantle and core".
- 2. Water, Water Everywhere
- Processes active at the time of ocean formation are modeled in a mini-water cycle.
- 3. A Pinch of Salt
- The origin of the sea’s salt is explored by evaporating rain, river and sea water.
- Unit 2: The Changing Shape of the Ocean Basins: The Theory of Plate Tectonics
- 1. Reunite Pangaea
- Using a cut-up world map, student teams analyze the current evidence for plate tectonics.
- 2. The Plot Thickens – Paleomagnetism
- Students plot the patterns of magnetic anomalies found in the ocean floor.
- 3. The Force
- Convection currents are observed in a heated beaker of water.
- 4. Slippin’ and Slidin’ – Plate Tectonics
- A student reading with embedded questions summarizes the evidence supporting the theory of crustal plate movement.
- 5. Packages: 3-D Earth Model
- Students create a paper model of a crustal plate cross-section.
- 6. Hydrothermal Vent Formation
- The creation of hydrothermal vent chimneys are simulated by precipitation of salt from a saturated solution.
- 7. Chemicals or Light – Chemosynthesis/Photosynthesis
- Simple chemical equations are used to compare photosynthesis and chemosynthesis as primary production processes.
- 8. The Mating Game
- Students play a hydrothermal vent game based on the TV show "Dating Game".
- Unit 3: The Changing Shape of the Ocean Basins: Ocean Floor Topography
- 1. Deep Sounds
- An introductory reading and vocabulary puzzle emphasize the similarity between ocean floor topography and land topography.
- 2. ‘Sounds Good to Me’
- Students transform echo sounding data into a bottom profile.
- 3. Retracing the Steps of Columbus
- Using echo sounding data, students construct a bottom profile of the Atlantic ocean basin.
- 4. The World’s Smallest Ocean
- Students build an ocean floor model in a shoebox, then "sound" the depths for seamounts, etc.
- 5. Mountain Making – Topographic Maps
- Using a "mountain" of modeling clay, students cut off horizontal layers to create a topographic map of the mountain.
- 6. Contours
- Students create a bathymetric map, then use this map to create a 3-D model of the area shown on the map.
- Unit 4: Ocean Waters in Motion: Currents
- 1. Currents: Moving Water
- A student reading with embedded questions introduces the major factors that cause large-scale ocean currents.
- 2. Stormy Weather: Wind-Driven Currents
- Students calculate the impact of wind driven currents on gray whale migration.
- 3. Moving Right Along: Density Currents
- A model of the interaction of water of different densities is set up and observed by students.
- 4. Hot Air: Wind-Driven Currents
- Using a glass dish, water and food coloring, students observe the action of "wind" in current formation.
- 5. The Hydrometer
- Students construct and calibrate a hydrometer, then use it to determine the salinity of an unknown salt solution.
- 6. Heating It Up
- Using their hydrometers, students measure and observe changes in the density of water as it is heated.
- 7. Ol’ Sea Salt
- Students measure the densities of solutions of varying salinities and relate their results to salinities in the ocean.
- 8. El Nino: A Current Case Study
- A student reading with embedded questions explores the causes and effects of the changes in current patterns called El Nino.
- 9. Where the Food Is: Plankton
- As they examine its importance in the ocean food web, students group and categorize common plankton.
- 10. View From Space
- Using actual satellite images, students interpret and analyze remotely gathered data.
- 11. String for Your Supper
- Student teams create a mobile representing an ocean food web.
- Unit 5: Ocean Waters in Motion: Currents Affect Global Weather
- 1. Greenhouse Earth
- Illustrations and questions teach students the role energy from the sun plays in our atmosphere and climate.
- 2. Investigating What Goes In? What Goes Out?
- Students measure temperature changes in model greenhouses and relate their models to the Earth’s atmosphere.
- 3. In Search of Carbon Dioxide
- Students measure carbon dioxide from various sources, then graph real data tracking CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere.
- 4. What Are the Scientists Saying About Global Climate Change?
- This reading explores historical and prehistorical climate data and examines models of future climate change.
- 5. World Summit on Global Warming
- Students conduct an imaginary World Summit to discuss the greenhouse effect.
- 6. Ozone Models
- Construction of simple molecular models enables students to reproduce the steps in the breakdown of ozone.
- 7. Ozone Game
- Ozone destruction is dramatized as students role-play the parts of oxygen and chlorine atoms in the atmosphere.
- 8. Feels Like Raindrops: Weather
- Students explore the influence of the oceans on weather as they make a variety of meteorological instruments.
- Unit 6: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Fishing Resources
- 1. A Case Study in the Salmon Dilemma: Sockeye Life History
- Through reading and experimentation, students begin thinking about factors that affect salmon populations; the first of three activities focusing on salmon life cycles.
- 2. A Case Study in the Salmon Dilemma: To Be or Not to Be?
- A mathematically oriented board game provides insight into variables affecting salmon populations.
- 3. A Case Study in the Salmon Dilemma: Who Pays the Price?
- Students make policy decisions affecting salmon populations.
- 4. Fish: What’s on the Outside?
- Students examine the external characteristics of market fish to learn about fish "lifestyle".
- 5. Fish: Modeling the Inside
- By creating models of a bony fish, students explore the differences and similarities among fish types.
- 6. Why Do Fish Go To School?
- Blindfolded students group themselves in a "fish" school to explore which senses might be used for schooling.
- Unit 7: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Pollution of Our Waters
- 1. What’s The Point (or Nonpoint)?
- Students play a guessing game that introduces the concepts of Point and Non-Point Pollution.
- 2. Do I Live in a Watershed?
- Using topographic maps, students make a model of their local watershed, then they explore its attributes.
- 3. Wetlands Metaphors
- Students use metaphors to describe characteristics and functions of a wetland.
- 4. Marsh Models
- Using simple materials, students build a model of a marsh, then watch it function in a "rainstorm".
- 5. How Thirsty is the Ground?
- Percolation rates for various soil types are measured by groups of students first in the lab, then in the field.
- 6. Wetland Controversy
- A city council meeting is role-played in which students make decisions about wetland development.
- 7. The Bountiful Bay Game: Use vs. Abuse
- Students play an interactive game which introduces water quality issues facing estuaries.
- Unit 8: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Offshore Oil Production
- 1. Who Needs Energy? and It Came from Beneath the Sea
- A personal energy profile is created by each student to focus attention on the role of oil energy in his or her life.
- 2. Trouble in the Sound: The Exxon Valdez Spill
- Students work in groups to share what they know about oil spills, then read a background article about an Alaskan spill.
- 3. Black Tide
- Using a variety of materials, students clean up small "spills" of oil in a pie pan ocean.
- 4. Point/Counterpoint
- Students debate topics related to oil production and offshore drilling.
- Unit 9: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Mining the Ocean Floor
- 1. Mining the Ocean Floor
- A reading with embedded questions introduces students to ocean mining.
- 2. To the Bottom
- Students investigate the affect of particle size on the rate of sedimentation.
- Unit 10: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Marine Sanctuaries
- 1. Introduced Species: The Asian Clam in San Francisco Bay
- In this introduction to clam anatomy and "lifestyle", students examine the parts of clams from a fish market.
- 2. Asian Clam: Part II
- Given some of the characteristics of clam "lifestyle", students hypothesize on the impact of Asian Clams.
- 3. Marine Sanctuaries: An Introduction
- Following background and history of the Marine Sanctuary Program, students plot the location of present sanctuaries.
- 4. Sanctuary Rummy
- In this card game, students identify various facts about U.S. marine sanctuaries.
- 5. Which Will Be the Next Marine Sanctuary?
- Students become involved in the decision-making process used to select new sanctuaries from proposed sites.
- Unit 11: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Question: Can the Ocean Feed the World and Absorb our Wastes?
- 1. Can the Ocean Feed the World and Absorb our Wastes?
- Student groups review "important messages" about ocean environments, then decide on ways to those present messages.
Below, you’ll find helpful resources for use with the above activities.
Unit 1: Where Did All the Water Come From?
Activity 1 How the Earth Got Its Ocean
How to find marine information
Activity 2 Water, Water Everywhere
Unit 2: The Changing Shape of the Ocean Basins: The Theory of Plate Tectonics
Activity 1 Reunite Pangaea
Activity 4 Slippin’ and Slidin’ – Plate Tectonics
Make your own Earth and tectonic globes instructions
Make your own Earth globe
Make your own tectonic globe
Activity 6 Hydrothermal Vent Formation
Deep sea research images
Vents and the Salty Sea article
Deep sea chimneys
Unit 4: Ocean Waters in Motion: Currents
Activity 8 El Nino: A Current Case Study
El Niño description
El Niño satellite images
Tropical satellite images
Activity 9 Where the Food Is: Plankton
Sea from space
Activity 11 String for Your Supper
Where have all the fish gone?
Portrait of Georges Bank
Georges Bank history
Mystery of the disappearing fish
Farming for fish
Unit 5: Ocean Waters in Motion: Currents Affect Global Weather
Activity 1 Greenhouse Earth
Viewing the oceans from space
Activity 3 In Search of Carbon Dioxide
Tools for investigating the ocean
Ocean exploration from space
Activity 4 What Are the Scientists Saying About Global Climate Change?
What Are the Scientists Saying About Global Climate Change?
Activity 5 World Summit on Global Warming
Sea level rise
Activity 6 Ozone Models
Total Ozone from space
Unit 6: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Fishing Resources
Activity 1 A Case Study in the Salmon Dilemma: Sockeye Life History
Chinook salmon photos
Chum salmon photos
Coho salmon photos
Pink salmon photos
Sockeye salmon photos
Steelhead trout photos
Activity 2 A Case Study in the Salmon Dilemma: To Be or Not to Be?
Native American fishing
Activity 4 Fish: What’s on the Outside?
Shark background information
Name that fish
Unit 7: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Pollution of Our Waters
Activity 2 Do I Live in a Watershed?
Chesapeake Bay – a model estuary guidebook
Chesapeake Bay Ecosystem
Geology Of The Chesapeake
Water & Sediments
Living Resources & Biological Communities
Food Production & Consumption
Preserving Chesapeake Bay: The Big Picture
Activity 7 The Bountiful Bay Game: Use vs. Abuse
Activity 10 View From Space
Key to Satellite images
Africa plankton images
Atlantic plankton image
California plankton images
Global plankton images
Baja California ocean color images
Gulf Stream temperature image
Japan plankton images
North Atlantic plankton images 1
North Atlantic plankton images 2
Understanding Color-Infrared Photos
Unit 8: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Offshore Oil Production
Activity 1 Who Needs Energy? and It Came from Beneath the Sea
Drilling platform image
Oil platform derrick image
Oil drill string image
Lessons of Valdez
National Wildlife Federation Issues slide show
National Wildlife Federation Issues slide show script
Activity 2 Trouble in the Sound: The Exxon Valdez Spill
What happened on March 24, 1989
Unit 10: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Marine Sanctuaries
Activity 2 Asian Clam: Part II
Asian clams images
Activity 5 Which Will Be the Next Marine Sanctuary?
Marine Sanctuaries Information Sheets
Flower Garden Banks
Florida Keys (Key Largo, Looe Key)
Gulf of Farallones
Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale
Unit 11: Issues of the Ocean Basins: Question: Can the Ocean
Feed the World and Absorb our Wastes?
Activity 1 Can the Ocean Feed the World and Absorb our Wastes?
Marine Debris and Entanglement slide show
Marine Debris slide show script
National Wildlife Federation Habitats slide show
National Wildlife Federation Habitats slide show script
“” Icon made by Pixel perfect from www.flaticon.com